Besides the Actor, there are “a number of other participant roles involved in the process of a material clause” (H & M, p.190).
- Scope: The lion crossed the field.
2. Recipient: I gave her a letter./ I gave a letter to her. This could also be metaphorical: The ranger sent a warning to the tourist/ The lion gave the tourist a bite on the leg.
3. Client: I made myself a drink and one for her.
4. Attribute: The lion ate the tourist clean.