Predicator

The Predicator (underlined) is the non-finite element of all major clauses “realised by a verbal group minus the temporal or modal operator” (H & M, p.121). In the clause The sun was shining, for example, the Predicator is shining. It may also be a longer group, such as the Predicator in He has been trying to be heard. The Predicator may also be ‘fused’ with the Finite. The clause She played tennis, for example, consists of a fused Finite (did) + Predicator (play). The two then separate when forming the negative (She didn’t play tennis) or the question (Did she play tennis). The exceptions to this are is and have.

There are four functions to the Predicator (underlined):

  1. It “specifies time other than reference to the time of the speech event”, that is, ‘secondary tense’ (we are going to release the document);
  2. It “specifies various other aspects and phases such as seeming, hoping, trying” (you’ll have to make it look a lot clearer);
  3. It “specifies the voice: active or passive” (Brazil wasn’t discovered);
  4. It “specifies the process (action, event, mental process, relation)”

(H & M, p.122).

The Predicator is “realized by the lexical verb, that part of the verb which you might look up in a dictionary” (Bloor & Bloor, p.43).

Advertisements

About eflfunc

I'm an EFL teacher in Japan and this is a blog to record some thoughts on using Systemic Functional Linguistics in the foreign language classroom.
This entry was posted in Content: lexico-grammar, Interpersonal function and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s