Activity: Logico-semantic relations

While EFL learners are often encouraged to ‘expand’ on their answers, very rarely are they given explicit instruction as to how. Here’s a quick activity I did the other day to get low-level learners thinking about expanding and prolonging their move in the exchange using enhancement, extension and elaboration (see Eggins & Slade, here). Very simply, enhancement (notated with ×) gives extra information to a clause by adding a cause, a condition or manner etc.; extension (notated with +) adds something new to the clause; while elaboration (notated with =) adds more to the clause by specifying or describing it.

For the activity, The exchange structure is initiate → respond + develop. First, write ‘×’, ‘+’ and ‘=’ on pieces of paper. In groups of four, one person plays the role of initiate while the other three choose a piece of paper each. The first person initiates the exchange with a simple Do you like [dogs]? and the other three then respond according to their card:

× Yes, I do. They are so friendly.

+ Yes, I do. I like cats better though.

= Yes, I do. I like poodles especially.

While it may not, of course, be the most natural of conversations, it does at least get them thinking about how to expand and maintain their turn in the exchange more effectively.

Advertisements

About eflfunc

I'm an EFL teacher in Japan and this is a blog to record some thoughts on using Systemic Functional Linguistics in the foreign language classroom.
This entry was posted in Small Class Activity and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s