Tag Archives: EFL

Tag Questions

Tag questions are concerned more with establishing interpersonal relations and suggesting whether some kind of response is required (or to close off any response), rather than requesting any specific information. Andersen (Andersen, Gisle. “Are tag questions questions? Evidence from spoken … Continue reading

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Polarity is, the “choice between positive and negative” (H & M, p.116). The concept of polarity in general, and specifically the negative, doesn’t seem to get much attention or specific textbook treatment (except perhaps in old audio-lingual drills) but, as … Continue reading

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Process + Circumstance v Process

Here are some examples that came up in a business class that might cause problems for students but can be clearly explained: 1. I passed on the idea. I (Participant) passed (Process) on the idea (Circumstance) because I didn’t think … Continue reading

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Interpersonal modal Adjunct v Experiential Circumstance

I always do that. (Adjunct) I do that all the time. (Circumstance) I usually do that. (Adjunct) I do that almost everyday. (Circumstance) I often do that. (Adjunct) I do that at times. (Circumstance) I sometimes do that. (Adjunct) I … Continue reading

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Context and Register

An important distinction can be made between the context of situation and register of a text. They often seem to be conflated but Halliday does distinguish between the two. Here is a headline from the satirical magazine The Onion: Coarse … Continue reading

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Tenor of discourse

The second part of the context of situation is the tenor of discourse. Tenor refers to: who is taking part, to the nature of the participants, their statuses and roles: what kinds of role relationship obtain among the participants, including … Continue reading

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Field of discourse

Here is a recipe for Lemon Risotto from http://www.epicurious.com: We know this is a recipe, and not say a research report, partly through the field of discourse. Within the context of situation, field refers to: what is happening, to the … Continue reading

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Ideal L2 Self

I was reading an article recently by Yashima (2009) about the concept of an ‘ideal L2 self’. The article described the difficulties that many Japanese students in particular have in imagining an L2 Self that is separate from their L1 … Continue reading

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Matching Pairs exercises

A student the other day had difficulty with a textbook matching exercise. The prompt was: Are you watching the TV? The required option was: You can turn it off. I think the difficulty here was due to the incongruence of … Continue reading

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Directions Game

I added a game to the Resources page that practises giving directions. I use it especially with Junior/Senior High School kids. Usually the language of┬ácommands is introducted, understandable enough, with giving directions around town (turn left at High Street). The … Continue reading

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