Tag Archives: group

Teaching tenses

This is how I often picture tenses for students. The secondary tense (on the right) construes some kind of change:

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Verbal Group 5 – finite tenses

The distinction between the finite tenses in the verbal group is, I think, one of recursive delicacy. But this is not to say that it may continue indefinitely. There are stop rules (where α = primary tense): Apart from α, … Continue reading

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Activity: Verbal group, discourse and Harry Potter

If we teach ‘the tenses’ separately, I think students might not get the interaction between them and how they are used in discourse for different effects. Here is an activity I’ve used with Upper Intermediate – Advanced students, though you could … Continue reading

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Verbal group 4: tense, discourse and trains.

When teaching the future tenses it’s very common to talk about ‘present tense as scheduled future’. For example, ‘The train leaves at 7.30′. Personally, however, I think this might be somewhat misleading. The present tense is the present tense. Importantly, … Continue reading

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Verbal group 3 – tense and discourse

Here is a picture of two people on a date: The language we use to represent the picture depends upon discourse choices. The picture may be represented as a series of completed events or, in other words, a story. In … Continue reading

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Verbal Group 2 – time and space

The tenses are usually presented as a time line where each tense can be named separately yet this is somewhat misleading, or “distorted” as H & M put it (p.345). I think it might be more useful to think in three-dimensional … Continue reading

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Rank

The compositional structure of language (the stratification of Content and Expression) comprises a small number of “compositional layers…organised by the relationship of ‘is a part of’” (H & M, p.20). This ordering is termed rank. The rank scale for the … Continue reading

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