Tag Archives: modality

Interpersonal modal Adjunct v Experiential Circumstance

I always do that. (Adjunct) I do that all the time. (Circumstance) I usually do that. (Adjunct) I do that almost everyday. (Circumstance) I often do that. (Adjunct) I do that at times. (Circumstance) I sometimes do that. (Adjunct) I … Continue reading

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Modality – ability

One last category of modality is that of ability/potentiality, which may be expressed either subjective explicit (she can/can’t…) or objective explicit (she is/isn’t able to…). As H & M (p. 621) put it, ability “is on the fringe of the modality … Continue reading

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Modality – modulation (inclination)

Modulation operates on proposals, where “the meaning of the positive and negative poles is prescribing and proscribing: positive ‘do it’ and negative ‘don’t do it’ [and] there are two kinds of intermediate possibility, in this case depending on the speech … Continue reading

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Modality – modulation (obligation)

Modulation operates on proposals, where “the meaning of the positive and negative poles is prescribing and proscribing: positive ‘do it’ and negative ‘don’t do it’ [and] there are two kinds of intermediate possibility, in this case depending on the speech … Continue reading

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Modality – Modalization (usuality)

Modalization operates on propositions, in the space between ‘It is…‘ and ‘It isn’t…‘. There are “two kinds of intermediate possibilities: (i) degrees of probability [and] (ii) degrees of usuality” (H & M, p.147). Usuality is “equivalent to ‘both yes and no’, … Continue reading

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Modality – modalization (probability)

Modalization operates on propositions, in the space between ‘It is…‘ and ‘It isn’t…‘. There are “two kinds of intermediate possibilities: (i) degrees of probability [and] (ii) degrees of usuality” (H & M, p.147). Probability is concerned with “‘either yes or no’, … Continue reading

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Modality – system

Modality when presented to EFL learners is often limited to items such as should, could, must, etc. but the complete system network does extend beyond this, and I try to show students how the whole system interacts first rather than … Continue reading

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Modality

Modality operates to “construe the region of uncertainty that lies between ‘yes’ and ‘no’” (H & M, p.147). In order to treat modality somewhat more systematically than is usually the case in EFL treatments, we need to go back to … Continue reading

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Finite

The Finite is the element that “brings the proposition down to earth, so that it is something that can be argued about” (H & M, p.115). This can be done in one of two ways: (i) tense and (ii) modality. … Continue reading

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