Tag Archives: relational

Activity: verbal and relational clauses

Here is a quick activity I often do with young learners or lower level students. It’s a quick way to highlight the difference between relational and verbal clauses. All you need is two sets of animal cards (or any semantic … Continue reading

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Activity: relational & material Processes

Here is an activity I often do with Elementary or Pre-Intermediate students that gets them noticing and thinking about the difference between relational Processes which construe ‘states’, and material Processes construing change through time. On a piece of paper, you … Continue reading

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Relational Processes (1)

A typical EFL first lesson often includes self-introductions of the kind like: My name is Taro. I am 12 years old.  These clauses use relational Processes, which “serve to characterize and to identify” (H & M, p.210). These two categories may … Continue reading

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Participant

The second element in the figure of the clause as representation is the Participants, which “are inherent in the process: every experiential type of clause has at least one participant” (H & M, p.175). The type of participant (bold) is … Continue reading

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