Tag Archives: material

Difference between ‘look’, ‘watch’ and ‘see’

For me, one of the advantages of using Systemic Functional Linguistics in class is being able to answer clearly all those common EFL questions that generally pop up, especially ‘What’s the difference between…?’-type questions. One of the most common is … Continue reading

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Material Clauses 4

Material clauses represent “a quantum of change…unfolding through distinct phases” (H & M, p.184). This unfolding necessarily has an outcome: “a change of some feature of one of the participants” (H & M, p.184). This outcome may be either creative … Continue reading

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Activity: relational & material Processes

Here is an activity I often do with Elementary or Pre-Intermediate students that gets them noticing and thinking about the difference between relational Processes which construe ‘states’, and material Processes construing change through time. On a piece of paper, you … Continue reading

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Relational Processes (1)

A typical EFL first lesson often includes self-introductions of the kind like: My name is Taro. I am 12 years old.  These clauses use relational Processes, which “serve to characterize and to identify” (H & M, p.210). These two categories may … Continue reading

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Participant

The second element in the figure of the clause as representation is the Participants, which “are inherent in the process: every experiential type of clause has at least one participant” (H & M, p.175). The type of participant (bold) is … Continue reading

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Material Processes 2: Participants

Besides the Actor, there are “a number of other participant roles involved in the process of a material clause” (H & M, p.190). Scope: The lion crossed the field.  2.  Recipient: I gave her a letter./ I gave a letter … Continue reading

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Material Processes 1

Material clause construe “a quantum of change in the flow of events as taking place through some input of energy” (H & M, p.179). The unmarked tense is present-in-present (e.g. is doing). Material clauses answer the questions: What did X … Continue reading

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